Mcgregors theory x and y in the 1960’s, douglas murray mcgregor, a famous mit professor of management wrote a book named “the human side of enterprise” in which he analyzed the various behaviors of professionals at workthere are two theories, ie (theory x and theory y), introduced in the book and are known for management and human motivation. Douglas mcgregor’s theory x and theory y dave gannon and anna boguszak view more view less. Theory x is based on a pessimistic view of employee motivation and behavior, while theory y is based on an optimistic view of employee motivation and behavior theory x managers believe employees.
In the book the human side of enterprise, mcgregor identified an approach of creating an environment within which employees are motivated via authoritative direction and control or integration and self-control, which he called theory x and theory y, respectively. Douglas mcgregor suggested that organisations manage employees based on their view of what employees are like he asserted that these view have two extremes, theory x and theory y. Tion, essays of douglas mcgregor, edited by w g bennis and e h schein (cambridge, ma: mit press, 1966): 3–20 reprinted mcgregor’s six assumptions of theory y and his ideas of integrating individual and organization goals are congruent with the main planks in my philosophy of life now and at that time. Douglas mcgregor (1960, 1966) classified managers’ attitudes or belief system, which he called assumptions, as theory x and y theory x and theory y describe two very different attitudes toward workforce motivation.
Mcgregor’s theory x and theory y the idea that a manager’s attitude has an impact on employee motivation was originally proposed by douglas mcgregor , a management professor at the massachusetts institute of technology during the 1950s and 1960s. The following study addresses douglas mcgregor's theory x and theory y management paradigm as applied toward carnival executives' (ces) communication to employees fifteen ces were interviewed and elicited narratives that held either theory x or theory y paradigm from the narratives it was discovered that most ces held a theory y paradigm toward employees. In this essay both of mcgregor’s theories on management, theory x and theory y, will have their evolution explained with the differences between the two assumptions described and defined, as well as the relevance that both theory x and theory y have upon management in organizations in the 21st century. Mcgregor’s theory x and theory y were the foundation of the human side of enterprise theory x is based on a philosophy that does not treat employees as human beings and that is implemented by a dictatorial style of management.
Theory x and theory y framework proposed by mcgregor in his classic book the human side of enterprise (1960) consists of two alternative set of assumptions theory x percieves employees to be lazy, irresponsible and untrustworthy, while according to theory y employees are approached as one of the. Douglas mcgregor expressed his views of human nature in two sets of assumptions they are popularly known as ‘theory x’ and ‘theory y’ theory x stands for the set of traditional beliefs held, while theory-y stands for the set of beliefs based on researchers in behavioral science which are concerned with modern social views on the man at work. Theory x and theory y were first introduced in the early work of douglas mcgregor mcgregor’s work made a significant impact on managerial thought it appeared at a time when the behavioral sciences were playing an increasing role in how managers thought about their work it was a period.
In the context of systems theory, _____ are the products and services that organizations create outputs 15 according to douglas mcgregor's theory x and theory y, identify the correct statement regarding theory x managers. Leadership style and organizational performance have been researched extensively however, the literature has a limited number of studies concerning organizational performance of small and medium businesses, even less research on the impact on organizational performance of theory x and theory y type leadership styles. Theory x and theory y was created and developed by douglas mcgregor at the mit sloan school of management in the 1960s it describes two very different attitudes towards workforce motivation mcgregor felt that companies followed either one of these approaches. Managers generally have one of two perspectives regarding their employees many years ago a professor named douglas mcgregor dubbed these perspectives theory x and theory y.
Douglas mcgregor believed that there were two types of managers: theory x and theory y the role of the theory x manager is to coerce and control employees to work towards organizational goals. Arab british academy for higher education wwwabahecouk theory x and theory y in his 1960 book, the human side of enterprise, douglas mcgregor proposed two theories by which to view employee motivation. Theory x and theory y was an idea devised by douglas mcgregor in his book “the human side of enterprise” 1960 it encapsulated a fundamental distinction between management styles.